Collections

The State Museum of Ceramics and the "Manor of Kuskovo XVIII century" - one of the largest museums in Moscow, has historically formed a variety of collections of high artistic level. Currently, the museum's collections number about 50 thousand items.
The architectural and park ensemble of Kuskovo is a monument of Russian manor culture of the XVIII century, unique in terms of its preservation and artistic value.
Collections of the museum, consisting of the main collection of Counts Sheremetev and subsequent receipts, number about 6 thousand paintings, drawings, sculptures of the XVI-XIX centuries. In the estate rare examples of artistic furniture and arts and crafts, books from the family library and unique in completeness and historical significance of the manor "Portrait Gallery" were preserved.
Synthesis of the arts and the components of the harmony of the manor world glorified Kuskovo as one of the major centers of Russian culture and education, which served as the basis for the creation in 1918 of the Museum - a manor.
The museum received this structure in 1938 with the merger of the only specialized state museum of ceramics and the museum-estate "Kuskovo" in the country.
The State Museum of Ceramics is the only specialized museum in Russia, where works of ceramics, porcelain and glass from many countries of Europe and the East are collected from the earliest times to the present day. Collections of West European and Russian porcelain, glass and ceramics, works of contemporary artists are among the largest and best in Russia.
    The museum of ceramics was created on the basis of the best in Moscow collection of Russian porcelain AVMorozov, numbering more than 2600 products, nationalized in late 1918. In 1932 it was transferred to the estate of Kuskovo, and since 1938 they exist as a single museum.
In the 1920-1930-ies. The collection of the museum was replenished by the receipt from the repositories of the State Museum Fund of Moscow and Leningrad, created on the basis of private collections, from the disbanded 1st Proletarian Museum, the Rumyantsev Museum, the Furniture Museum, incl. from the collections of the Yusupovs, LK Zubalov, DI Shchukin, SA Bakhrushin, VO Girshman, MP Ryabushinsky, GA Brakar, FE Vishnevsky and others. Valuable exhibits (items of royal services) were transferred from the State Hermitage, the Armory Chamber of the Moscow Kremlin, the Russian Museum, as well as from the Polytechnic Museum, the Stroganov School Museum, etc.
    Collections of modern ceramics and glass began to be formed in the pre-war period on the basis of programs from the Chamber of Commerce, the Directorate of Art Exhibitions and Panoramas, from the museum of Glavfarfor, Glavstroyeramika and purchases from the largest porcelain, ceramic and glass factories: Leningrad, Dmitrovsky, , Dyatkovo, etc. In addition, the works were purchased and accepted as gifts from authors and collectors.
Currently, the collection of the museum of ceramics has approx. 40 000 exhibits. Here is the art of Ancient Greece and Rome, the ancient cultures of the East, porcelain and ceramics of China and Japan. The most significant collection of Western European ceramics, porcelain and glass from the Renaissance to modernity. Italian majolica, the original ceramics of Spain, France, Holland, Germany, Venetian and Bohemian glass of the XV-XVIII centuries. represented by the characteristic products of leading enterprises, the works of famous masters, unique exhibits. One of the best in the country and the largest in Moscow is the collection of European porcelain of the XVIII - XIX centuries.
The most famous porcelain ensemble of the XIX century. in the collection of the museum is the Egyptian service created in Sevres - a unique monument of the Napoleonic era.
The pride of the museum is a collection of Russian porcelain, distinguished by the diversity and completeness of its production centers. The museum has a number of rarities and unique exhibits of the XVIII - XIX centuries, created at the leading enterprise of Russia - the Imperial Porcelain Factory in St. Petersburg. This is the earliest of the dated items of Russian porcelain - stakes (candy) of the inventor of domestic porcelain DI Vinogradov in 1748, as well as items from the first services intended for the imperial palaces and the highest nobility. The collection includes works by many artists and sculptors of the 18th and 20th centuries who worked at the enterprise: Zh. D. Rashetta, S. S. Pimenov, A. K. Shpis, K. A. Somov, S. N. Sudbinin, A. K.Timusa, etc. The uniqueness and originality of the collection of Russian porcelain is determined in many ways by the excellent selection of the products of private factories, first of all, near Moscow: Gardner, Popov, Safronov, Gzhel factories. The best in the country collection of Russian porcelain plastics, which was mostly collected by A. Morozov, has no equal.
Russian ceramics and faience are represented by the products of the largest plants: the Kiev-Mezhygorsk factory, Auerbach, Poschokin, Terekhov and Kiselev, and others, as well as the products of Gzheli XVIII-XIX centuries.
A number of exceptional exhibits are distinguished by a collection of Russian glass.

Here is a rare products of the first glass factories in Izmailovo and Petersburg, fine examples of engraved and colored glass of the 18th century, unique palace vases of the Imperial Glass Factory of the late 18th - early 20th centuries. XX centuries.
Remarkable selection of works by famous artists, ceramists and glaziers of the twentieth century, the creativity of many of them can not be imagined without works from the collection of the State Museum of Ceramics.
The porcelain of the largest factories is represented most fully: Leningrad, Dmitrovsky and Dulevsky. "Golden" fund are works of artists of the circle "The World of Art", the picturesque direction, the Russian avant-garde: "agitational" porcelain, Suprematism, transavantgarde, the work of artists M.Dobuzhinsky K.Malevich, N.Suetin, V.Kandinsky, A.Matveyev, B .Kustodieva, etc. The collection presents all art centers and innovative works of authorship, which allow to judge the individual skills of leading artists of the twentieth century. ХХI centuries.
The foundation of faience and "rough" ceramics is represented by Konakovo, Pskov, Budyansky faience factories, etc. Particularly significant is the collection of the Art Ceramic Laboratory that existed at the museum at the end. 1920 - beginning. 1930s, where experiments were conducted in the field of creating new forms and technologies. Author's ceramics 1960-1990-ies. most fully represented by the Moscow and St. Petersburg ceramic schools. The collection includes the most vivid and original national crafts of Russia: Gzhel, Oposhnya, Kosovo, Dymkovskaya Sloboda, Skopin, Balkhary.
Modern glass is represented by the largest factories and author works of not only Russia, but also the former union republics: Red Giant, Dyatkovo, Goose-Crystal, Red May, Kiev, Neman. A special pride of the Museum is the collection of agitation porcelain and glass 1920-1930. and monographic collections of the leading Russian artists N.Danko, S.Chekhonin, A.Shchekotikhina-Pototskaya, L.Protopova, L.Efimov, I.Frich-Hara, B.Smirnov, A.Sotnikov, A.Brzicecka, and others.

 
Portrait gallery of the XVIII century

Unknown Russian artist II floor. XVIII century. Portrait of Tsar Ivan IV (Ivan Vasilyevich). (A copy from the original Belsky, engraved by Stenglin). Canvas, oil.

Unknown Russian artist II floor. XVIII century. Portrait of Tsar Feodor Alekseevich Oil on canvas. 

 
 
Kuskovo's Portrait Gallery is the only one preserved almost entirely (123 portraits) from similar manor collections. Founded in the second half of the 18th century by PB Sheremetev and continued by his son, NP Sheremetev, she is a unique collection of portrait art of the 18th - early 20th centuries. XIX centuries. Established PB Sheremetev principle of drawing a gallery of portraits of "glorious persons" of different times and countries later became the main one in the formation of portrait galleries in Russian manors.

The gallery began with images of Russian rulers of pre-Petrine time: from Ivan the Terrible to Tsar Ivan Alekseevich. They were followed by representatives of the house of the Romanovs until the end of the XVIII century. A significant part of the gallery was given to portraits of prominent Russian statesmen and military leaders of the 18th century. And they completed the "parade of portraits" representatives of the ruling dynasties of Western countries.

 The composition of the Portrait Gallery includes works by Russian - famous and unknown - artists and Western European masters.

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